Skip to main content

Ethiopia aims to boost opportunities for rural youth

FAO and the government of Ethiopia today signed a partnership agreement which aims to reduce youth mobility caused by poverty, through innovative policies that will create jobs and business opportunities for young people in the agricultural sector and in rural areas more broadly.

The two-year project is being supported with funds provided by the Italian government and aims to obtain a better understanding of the dynamics that lead rural people - youth in particular - to leave their homes and seek employment elsewhere.

The improved evidence on rural migration trends and impacts will help policy-makers, improve agricultural and rural development policies in order to increase employment opportunities, and make rural areas more attractive to young people.

The total contribution by the Italian government amounts to US$2.5 million for the project as a whole, which includes a similar initiative with Tunisia. The partnership agreement with the Tunisian government is set to be signed at a later stage.

The project will further provide support to strengthen capacities of Ministries of Agriculture, Youth, Labour and Vocational Training in Ethiopia in the design and implementation of such policies. Representatives of the private sector and civil society organizations will also be supported and their capacities strengthened to engage in the development of relevant policies and programmes.

Initiatives geared towards civil society will aim at empowering producer organizations, youth groups and migrants' networks in particular.

The partnership agreement was signed by the Minister of Agriculture and Rural Development of Ethiopia, Tefera Derebrew and FAO Director-General, José Graziano da Silva, at an event during the 3rd International Conference on Financing for Development.

"Identifying critical entry points of this project and aligning it with our national policies and strategies, will help to address poverty issues in rural areas and ensure the successful implementation of this project about rural jobs for youth," said Minister Derebrew.

Graziano da Silva said: "In the next decades, demographic trends, globalization, inequality, and climate change are likely to further increase migration pressures both within and across countries. Distress economic migration is particularly high among the rural youth."

"Ethiopia faces major youth and migration challenge, and is at the forefront in efforts to transform its agricultural sector and rural areas towards more inclusive and job-rich pathways of development," the FAO Director-General added.

Also present at the signing ceremony was the Ambassador of Italy in Ethiopia, Giuseppe Mistretta whose country is providing the critical resources to fund the programme. Italy has a keen interest in youth employment issues throughout the world and is placing major emphasis on this area in its development programmes.

Earlier this week Prime Minister of Italy Matteo Renzi, speaking at the The 3rd International Conference on Financing for Development in Addis Ababa, outlined his government's intention to step up co-operation efforts with African countries.

"The real challenge for us is not only to save human lives...the real challenge is to create jobs here, to create a new perspective of hope. People are escaping from a condition of poverty, of need, of conflict, of persecution, people are looking for a better future," Renzi added.

"We need to address the root causes that force migrants to leave their families. We must invest in Africa," the Italian Prime Minister said. "We must absolutely invest in food ... in education, creating jobs to fight economic poverty."
Improving knowledge

The outcomes of the Ethiopia-FAO initiative supported by Italy include improved knowledge and awareness on how to harness the potential of economic mobility to promote youth employment in agriculture. This involves assessing how mobility patterns impact on rural livelihoods, and the role that migration and remittances play in rural transformation processes and employment generation; and strengthened policies in Ethiopia aimed at making it easier for young people in rural areas to find jobs in farm and non-farm activities, including through the promotion of start-up businesses and off-season employment opportunities.

Lessons learned will inform global debates on economic mobility. Experiences in Ethiopia and the data collected will also be used to enhance international dialogue such as that between the European Union and African countries, as well as within the framework of the Euro-Mediterranean Partnership.

Currently, there are 740 million internal and 232 million international migrants in the world --many of them young and mainly from rural areas -- who feel forced to migrate due to poverty and a lack of local opportunities.

In Ethiopia - where over 30 percent of the population is living in extreme poverty and 32 percent of the population is undernourished - migration, both internal and external, is a key livelihood strategy for many households.

Young Ethiopians living in rural areas are facing increasing difficulties in accessing land - due to population pressure and environmental degradation - and in finding jobs.

A majority of migrants are male, often leaving women behind to take care of the farm and the household. This puts women in a particularly disadvantaged position as they face greater difficulties accessing inputs, credits and other means to keep up farm production and as they tend to have less access to alternative employment and business opportunities.


Popular posts from this blog

Deputy AG sues Facebooker over 'malicious' Ameri deal

The Deputy Attorney-General and Member of Parliament for Bolgatanga East, Mr Dominic Ayine has filed a defamation suit at an Accra High Court against a Facebook commentator, Evron Hughes.
In Mr Ayine’s statement of claim, sighted by Graphic Online, he accused Mr Hughes of defaming him in a post he authored and published on Facebook on December 21, 2015, titled “RE: AMERI TRANSACTION”.
According to the Deputy A-G, the “false and malicious” post has provoked “public disaffection” against him and exposed him to public ridicule and contempt.
Describing Mr Hughes as a “self-styled social media blogger and a social commentator”, Mr Ayine said the Facebook post had brought his hard-won reputation “as a respected politician, teacher and lawyer” into “hatred, ridicule, odium, discredit, contempt, opprobrium and reproach”.
The Deputy A-G said the “defamatory words” were authored with the sole intent to reduce him in the estimation of all right thinking Ghanaians, adding that he had received numerou…

PIAC told to go to court to enforce recommendations

By: Fred Yaw Sarpong

The Public Interest and Accountability Committee (PIAC), the mandated body to monitor the use of Ghana’s oil revenues has been asked to go to court to seek strict compliance of the laws covering accountability of oil funds in the country.

According to Dr. Steve Manteaw, the Campaign Coordinator for ISODEC and a member of the PIAC , it’s time for PIAC as a body to consider going to court to compel institutions responsible for managing Ghana’s oil revenue to answers some questions concerning the expenditure of oil funds.

He pointed out that there are several recommendations made by the PIAC in its past reports on management of petroleum revenues, and a lot of these recommendations has received no positive response from the institutions concerned.

He disclosed this to the Daily Express at a three-day workshop on Interrogating the 2016 Semi Annual PIAC Report at Koforidua in the Eastern Region.

The workshop was organized by the Institute of Financ…

Graphic Communication Group staffs petition GJA Election Dispute Adjudication Committee

Some staffs of the Graphic Communications Group have petition the Election Dispute Adjudication Committee of the Ghana Journalists Association (GJA) concerning their grievances covering issues affecting the association.
The staffs of the company seeks some clarification on the mandate of the current executives of the association.

Dear Sir,
We the undersigned write to place before you our grievances covering issues affecting the Ghana Journalist Association, and we hasten to add that our grievances are placed before you in furtherance of our constitutional duty under Article 11 (e) of the 2004 Constitution of the Ghana Journalists Association.
We first of all seek clarification on the mandate of the current executives of the Association to be in office and take decisions to affect the wellbeing and welfare of the Associ…