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5 to 14 year old kids are engaged in active employment – GSS survey

The latest round of the Ghana Living Standard Survey (GLSS6), which is being conducted by the Ghana Statistical Service (GSS), has revealed that children as young as five years are (5 – 14 years) currently engaged in economic activities.
While the first round of the survey (1st to 3rd cycles) conducted between 18th October, 2012 and 6th February, 2013, found that 22.9% of children, numbering 1,312 were economically active, the second survey (4th to 6th cycles) found a much higher percentage (25.7%, numbering 1,521) in active employment. The second survey (4th to 6th cycles) was conducted between 8th February, 2013 and 25th May, 2013.
Mr. Anthony Amusu, the Chief Technical Director at the service announced this in Accra last week after the completion of the 4th to 6th cycles.
According to him, the survey revealed that children spent an average of 16.3 hours on all economic activities during the first three cycles compared to an average of 18.6 hours during the 4th to 6th cycles.
During the 1st to 3rd cycles an average of 36 hours was spent in the mining and quarrying sector, 21.6 hours in manufacturing sector, 16.3 hours in wholesale and retail trade and 15.9 hours in agriculture, especially forestry and fishing sectors.
However, the same children with ages between 5 and 14 years spent an average of 26.4 hours in mining and quarrying, 21.3 hours in manufacturing, 19.0 hours in wholesale and retail trade and 18.2 hours in agriculture, forestry and fishing during the 4th to 6th cycles.
The total survey population of children aged 5-14 years, were 5,920, representing 27.5% while those aged 15 years and older made up 12,846, representing 59.6%.
Mr. Amusu said the result is a fraction of what the entire survey will be made of. He indicated that by the time the service finishes the entire survey, which is expected to involve about 10 cycles, Ghanaians will know the actual unemployment and employment statistics of the country.
According to the GSS, the potential labour force covers persons who have indicated some interest in employment, distinguishing three mutually exclusive groups.
These are unavailable jobseekers: referring to persons without employment who are seeking employment but are not available; available potential jobseekers: referring to persons without employment who are not seeking employment but are available; and those potential jobseekers: comprising persons without employment who are neither seeking nor available for employment but who want employment.

By: Fred Yaw Sarpong

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