Skip to main content

Housing architectural designs could reduce malaria cases-Study

Housing architectural improvements could reduce malaria cases by half in some settings, according to research a published in the open access Malaria Journal.
As mosquitoes become resistant to insecticides, and malaria parasites resistant to drugs, researchers looked at how making changes to houses might contribute to tackling the deadly disease.
The study, “The evidence for improving housing to reduce malaria: A systematic review and meta-analysis,” was led by the London School of Hygiene & Tropical Medicine in partnership with Durham University and the University of California, San Francisco, whose copy was made available to the Ghana News Agency.
It was funded jointly by the Leverhulme Centre for Integrative Research in Agriculture and Health; US National Institutes of Health; the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation; Novartis Foundation for Sustainable Development; Medical Research Council and Department For International Development.
The researchers reviewed 90 studies in Africa, Asia and South America,  comparing malaria cases in traditional houses (mud, stone, bamboo or wood walls; thatched, mud or wood roofs; earth or wood floors) and modern houses (closed eaves, ceilings, screened doors and windows).
They found that residents of modern homes were 47% less likely to be infected with malaria than those living in traditional houses, and residents were 45-65% less likely to have clinical malaria (fever with infection).
Professor Lucy Tusting from the London School of Hygiene & Tropical Medicine and lead author said: “Housing improvements were traditionally an important pillar of public health, but they remain underexploited in malaria control. Good housing can block mosquitoes from entering homes and prevent them from transmitting malaria to the people who live there.
“Our study suggests housing could be an important tool in tackling malaria. This is a welcome finding at a time when we are facing increasing resistance to our most effective insecticides and drugs. We now need to pinpoint which housing features can reduce mosquito entry in different settings, to incorporate these into local housing designs and to assess the impact on malaria in large-scale field trials.”
Malaria, a life-threatening disease caused by parasites that are transmitted to people through the bites of infected mosquitoes, causes more than half a million deaths per year, mostly among African children.
The authors noted that the effectiveness of improving housing would vary, depending on the location.
While many mosquitoes entered homes to bite humans at night, outdoor malaria-transmission was more common in some places, meaning interventions centered on the home would have less impact.
Prof Steve Lindsay from Durham University and co-author, added: “Improved housing has huge potential to reduce malaria transmission around the globe and to keep malaria at bay where we have eliminated it. Since many of the world’s major vector borne diseases are transmitted indoors, improved housing is likely to be protective against diseases like dengue, leishmaniasis, Chagas disease and lymphatic filariasis.
“In many parts of the tropics development is occurring at an unprecedented rate and the quality of housing is improving too. Across much of sub-Saharan Africa thatched-roofed houses are being replaced by metal-roofed housing. We need to ride this wave of house improvement and develop new ways of protecting people against the insects that transmit so many deadly and debilitating diseases. Good housing should line-up alongside clean water and sanitation as major public health interventions.”
While the studies eligible for inclusion in this new review were of low quality, the authors say the consistency of the findings indicate that housing was an important risk factor for malaria.

Credit: GNA

Comments

Popular posts from this blog

Akuapem-Apirede to promote tourism

By: Fred Yaw Sarpong sarpong007@gmaail.com
The Chiefs and people of Akuapem-Apirede in the Okere Constituency of the Akuapem North Municipality have put in place strategic plans to promote tourist sites in the town.
Apiredehene, Nana Saforo Okoampah III told the Daily Express that their vision is to develop Apirede in a modern way.
“We want to have a modern society and environment. We are doing this on the basis of promoting tourism here,” he added.
According to the Apiredehene, it’s their plan to promote the historic sites and the geographical location of the community.
Apirede is one of the 17 towns that forms the Akuapem State and historically, it used to house the armours of the Akuapem State. The community is part of the Nifa division of Akuapem.
He stated that one of those things was called ‘Odosu’ (the war god for Okuapemhene). “The Chief Executioner in those days for Akuapem also came from Apirede and items that he used were also kept here,” he stated.
“These are a lot of things …

BoG shuts down two financial institutions

The Bank of Ghana has closed down two financial institutions in the country. This was after the central bank investigation revealed that the two companies were operating without approval.

The two companies were Agro Development Fund Services Limited (ADFSL) and Hebron Financial Investment Limited (HFIL).

The Daily Express gathered that the ADFSL was asked to stop operating after the central bank realized the institution had not been licensed to take deposit from the public.

A statement from BoG said the ADFSL continued to operate despite the orders from the Bank of Ghana. It however closed down ADFSL’s operation until further notice.

The Bank of Ghana said that the ADFSL is located at Asufufu, opposite the Sunyani Traditional Council in the Brong Ahafo region.

“The decision to close down ADFSL is in furtherance of section 20(2) (g) of the Banks and Specialized Deposit-Taking Institutions Act, 2016 (Act 930). Bank of Ghana has investigated ADFSL thoroughly and has concluded that its a…

PIAC told to go to court to enforce recommendations

By: Fred Yaw Sarpong
sarpong007@gmail.com

The Public Interest and Accountability Committee (PIAC), the mandated body to monitor the use of Ghana’s oil revenues has been asked to go to court to seek strict compliance of the laws covering accountability of oil funds in the country.

According to Dr. Steve Manteaw, the Campaign Coordinator for ISODEC and a member of the PIAC , it’s time for PIAC as a body to consider going to court to compel institutions responsible for managing Ghana’s oil revenue to answers some questions concerning the expenditure of oil funds.

He pointed out that there are several recommendations made by the PIAC in its past reports on management of petroleum revenues, and a lot of these recommendations has received no positive response from the institutions concerned.

He disclosed this to the Daily Express at a three-day workshop on Interrogating the 2016 Semi Annual PIAC Report at Koforidua in the Eastern Region.

The workshop was organized by the Institute of Financ…