By: Fred Yaw Sarpong
National employment report from the Ghana Statistical Services (GSS) shows that about 3,383,206 persons were employed in 2014, according to the first phase of the Integrated Business Establishment Survey (IBES) report launched on Tuesday.
Out of the figure, 2,708,796 were employed in the services sector accounting for 80.0 percent in 2014. The in industry sector also employed 614,517 persons, representing 18.2 percent while agriculture (institutional) employed the least (59,893) number of persons representing only 1.8 percent.
The statistics shows that out of the total number of persons employed in 2014 in non-household establishments, 2,039,032 are males, representing 60.3 percent and the remaining 1,344,174 are females, accounting for 39.7 percent.
Meanwhile, a total of 1,284,340 persons, constituting 38.0 percent of the persons employed in all sectors are in the Greater Accra region. Out of which males consist of 801,925 while females were 482,415.
Ashanti Region has the highest number of persons (540,471) employed. Males accounted for more than half (313,813) of the total number of person employed.
The Upper West region has the lowest number (61,485) of persons employed in all sectors among the regions, with more males (61.4%) than females (38.6%).
On sex disaggregation of persons employed in large, medium, small and micro (LMSM) establishments, the report noted that while micro-sized establishments employ more persons relative to other LMSM establishments, the distribution pf persons employed by sex is very similar (male 566,187; female 540,784).
However, in the case of both large and medium-sized establishments, the number of males employed is about twice that of females (577,367) against 280,886 and 276,356 against 147,222 respectively).
Furthermore, the report mentioned that about six out of every 10 persons employed in small sized establishments are males.
In large-sized establishment, the report said there are more males than females in all 10 regions, with the Greater Accra, Ashanti and Western region having more than twice as many males as females.
It noted that establishments in the Greater Accra region employ 350,843 males (68.2%) compared with 163,475 females (31.8%). Ashanti region has the second highest number of large-sized establishments, employing 55,935 males and 27,849 females.
The Western region follows with 55,505 males and 24,705 females. Furthermore, establishments in these three regions together employ more than three-quarters (79.0%) of the total number of persons engaged in large-sized establishments.